Vegan Astaxanthin 12 mg
Serving Size: 1 Vegan Cap Serving Per Container: 30
Other Ingredients: Vegan Capsule (Cellulose), Oleic Acid, Organic Orange Oil, Silica. (All of the ingredients are from non-animal sources)
For adults, take one (1) vegan capsule a day with food or as directed by a health care professional.
Free of yeast, wheat, gluten, sugar, salt, hexane, dairy, egg, shellfish; animal products, byproducts or derivatives.
Always consult your doctor before taking any dietary supplement.
*A fluorometric method for measurement of peroxyl radical scavenging activities of lipophilic antioxidants. Y M Naguib. Analytical biochemistry (265,290-298) 1998.
* Astaxanthin, a carotenoid with potential in human health and nutrition. Hussein G, Sankawa U, Goto H, Matsumoto K, Watanabe H. J Nat Prod. 2006 Mar;69(3):443-9.
* Influence of astaxanthin, zeaxanthin and lutein on DNA damage and repair in UVA-irradiated cells. Marcello Santoconoa, Monica Zurriaa, Marco Berrettinib, Donatella Fedelib and Giancarlo Falcionib. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology Volume 85, Issue 3, 1 December 2006, Pages 205-215
* Antioxidative and anti-inflammatory neuroprotective effects of astaxanthin and canthaxanthin in nerve growth factor differentiated PC12 cells. Chan KC, Mong MC, Yin MC.J Food Sci. 2009 Sep;74(7):H225-31.
* Astaxanthin inhibits reactive oxygen species-mediated cellular toxicity in dopaminergic SH-SY5Y cells via mitochondria-targeted protective mechanism. Xuebo Liua, Takahiro Shibataa, Shinsuke Hisakaa and Toshihiko Osawa Brain Research Volume 1254, 13 February 2009, Pages 18-27
* Miyawaki et al., (2005). Effects of astaxanthin on human blood rheology. J. Clin. Therap. Med., 21(4):421-429.
* Nagaki et al. (2005). The effects of astaxanthin on retinal capillary blood flow in normal volunteers. J. Clin. Therap. Med., 21(5):537-542.
* Antioxidant effect of astaxanthin on phospholipid peroxidation in human erythrocytes; Kiyotaka Nakagawaa1 c1, Takehiro Kikoa1, Taiki Miyazawaa1, Gregor Carpentero Burdeosa1, Fumiko Kimuraa1, Akira Satoha2 and Teruo Miyazawaa1; Human and Clinical Nutrition; British Journal of Nutrition.
* Effects of astaxanthin supplementation on lipid peroxidation. Karppi J, Rissanen TH, Nyyssönen K, Kaikkonen J, Olsson AG, Voutilainen S, Salonen JT. Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 2007 Jan;77(1):3-11.
* Jean Soon Park et al. Astaxanthin decreased oxidative stress and inflammation and enhanced immune response in humans. Nutrition & Metabolism 2010, 7:18 www.nutritionandmetabolism.com/content/7/1/18
* Sawaki, K. et al. (2002) Sports performance benefits from taking natural astaxanthin characterized by visual activity and muscle fatigue improvements in humans. Journal of Clinical Therapeutics & Medicine 18(9):73-88. J. Clin. Ther. Med. 18(9):73-88.
* Guerin, M., Huntley, M., Olaizola, M. (2002)."Haematococcus astaxanthin: health and nutrition applications" International Society for Applied hycology/9th International Congress on Applied Phycology, May 26-30, 2002, Almeria, Spain
* O'Connor, I. and O'Brien, N. "Modulation of UVA Ligh-induced Oxidative Stress by beta-carotene, luein, and astaxanthin in cultured Fibroblasts" Journal of Dermatological Science 16 (1998); 226-230
* Yamashita, E., (2006), The Effects of a Dietary Supplement Containing Astaxanthin on Skin Condition. Carotenoid Science, 10:91-95.
* Ohgami, K. Shiratori, K. Kotake, S. Nishida, T. Mizuki, N. Yazawa, K. Ohno S. Effects of Astaxanthin on Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Inflammation In Vitro and In Vivo. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2003. Vol. 44(9);pp. 2694-2701.
* Shimidzu N., M. Goto, and W. Miki. 1996. Carotenoids as singlet oxygen quenchers in marine organisms. Fisheries Science. 62(1): 134-137
* Kurashige, M. Okimasu, E. Utsumi, K. Inhibition of oxidative injury of biological membranes by astaxanthin. Physiol. Chem. Phys. Med. NMR. 1990. Vol. 22(1); pp. 27-38.